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(Seminar) Distributed Sampling-based Bayesian Inference in Coupled Neural Circuits
2020-10-12  【 】【打印】【关闭

CAS Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics

Institute of Theoretical Physics

Chinese Academy of Sciences

Seminar

Title

题目

Distributed Sampling-based Bayesian Inference in Coupled Neural Circuits

Speaker

报告人

Dr. Wenhao Zhang

Affiliation

所在单位

University of Pittsburg, USA

Date

日期

Oct.12 (Monday) 2020, 09:30 - 10:30
 

Venue

地点

Zoom Meeting Room ID: 518 052 9336

Contact Person

所内联系人

周海军

Abstract

摘要

The brain performs probabilistic inference to interpret the external world, but the underlying neuronal mechanisms remain not well understood. The stimulus structure of natural scenes exists in a high-dimensional feature space, and how the brain represents and infers the joint posterior distribution in this rich, combinatorial space is a challenging problem. There is added difficulty when considering the neuronal mechanics of this representation, since many of these features are com- puted in parallel by distributed neural circuits. Here, we present a novel solution to this problem. We study continuous attractor neural networks (CANNs), each representing and inferring a stimulus attribute, where attractor coupling supports sampling-based inference on the multivariate posterior of the high-dimensional stimulus features. Using perturbative analysis, we show that the dynamics of coupled CANNs realizes Langevin sampling on the stimulus feature manifold embedded in neural population responses. In our framework, feedforward inputs convey the likelihood, reciprocal connections encode the stimulus correlational priors, and the internal Poisson variability of the neurons generate the correct random walks for sampling. Our model achieves high-dimensional joint probability representation and Bayesian inference in a distributed manner, where each attractor network infers the marginal posterior of the corresponding stimulus feature. The stimulus feature can be read out simply with a linear decoder based only on local activities of each network. Simulation experiments confirm our theoretical analysis. The study provides insight into the fundamental neural mechanisms for realizing efficient high-dimensional probabilistic inference.
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