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Magnetic effect in heavy-ion collisionat intermediate energies
2011-12-05  【 】【打印】【关闭
Institute of Theoretical Physics
Chinese Academy of Sciences
学术报告
Title
题目
Magnetic effect in heavy-ion collisionat intermediate energies
Speaker
报告人
欧立教授
广西师范大学/Texas A&M University - Commerce, USA
Date
日期
2011-12-05 PM 16:30 Monday
Venue
地点
Conference Hall 322, ITP/理论物理所322报告厅
Abstract
摘要

The time-evolution and space distribution of internal electromagnetic fields in heavy-ion reactions at beam energies between 0.2 to 2 AGeV are studied within IBUU11 model. While the magnetic field can be significantly higher than the estimated surface magnetic field of magnetars, it has almost no effect on nucleon observables as the Lorentz force is normally much weaker than the nuclear force. Very interestingly, however, the magnetic field generated by the projectile-like (target-like) spectator has a strong focusing/diverging effect on pi^+/pi^- at forward (backward) rapidities. Consequently, the differential pi^-/pi^+ ratio as a function of rapidity is significantly altered by the magnetic field while the total multiplicities of both positive and negative pions remain about the same. At beam energies above about 1 AGeV, the differential pi^-/pi^+ ratio is sensitive to the density dependence of nuclear symmetry energy E_sym. So magnetic effects should be carefully considered in future studies of using the differential pi^-/pi^+ ratio as a probe of the E_sym at supra-saturation densities.

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