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从墨子到“墨子星”/ From Mo Zi to the Mo Zi Satellite
2016-09-13  【 】【打印】【关闭

Institute of Theoretical Physics

Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics

  Chinese Academy of Sciences

Colloquium

Title

题目

从墨子到“墨子星”/ From Mo Zi to the Mo Zi Satellite

Speaker

报告人

吴令安 研究员

Affiliation

所在单位

中国科学院物理研究所

 

Date

日期

15:00, Sep 13 (Tuesday), 2016

Venue

地点

理论物理所新楼6620报告厅

Abstract

摘要

虽然光(和视觉)是人类认识世界的最重要手段,光学作为一门科学也是最古老的学科之一,但我们至今还在研究光的基本性质,不断地将光学应用、推广到实际应用。本报告将简要回顾以墨子为代表的中国对古代光学的贡献,以及中国量子光学近二十多年的发展史,直到今年量子科学实验卫星“墨子号”的发射。本报告也将简要介绍量子通信的基本概念,并力图澄清关于量子保密通信的误区以及媒体的误导。
A brief introduction to the contributions of Mo Zi to optics will be presented, followed by an account of the development of quantum optics in China over the past two decades, up to the launch of the Mo Zi satellite. I will also attempt to clear up some of the common misconceptions and misrepresentations in the media about quantum communications.
Unknown in the west, and even to many Chinese, the earliest written records of optics appeared in China. The Mo Jing (Book of Mo Zi) written by Mo Zi, who was born in ~470 BCE and predates Euclid by a hundred years, is the earliest extant treatise on logic, geometry, optics and mechanics in China. The section on optics is clearly based on actual experiments, with an account of the basic concepts of linear optics, including reflection by plane and curved mirrors, the pinhole camera, and refraction. Later, Liu An (179-122 BCE) also compiled several works where novel optical devices are mentioned, such as burning glasses made of ice, and the earliest surveillance periscope. However, this was followed by a long period during which scientific thought stagnated, and it was only after glass lenses were introduced from the west that optics was revived as a field of study. Henceforth, China followed the footsteps of foreign scientists. It is only in recent years that we have begun to catch up with the west. The Quantum Science Satellite (QUESS, also nicknamed the Mo Zi satellite), launched on 17 August 2016, is representative of the progress we have achieved in quantum optics and engineering, based on over twenty years of hard work. The mission of the satellite is to perform experiments on quantum key distribution and tests of Bell’s inequality from space to the Earth. If successful, this will be followed by the creation of actual quantum key distribution channels between various locations within and outside China.

Contact person

所内合作者

Su Yi (易俗)

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